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The History

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In the wake of the industrial revolution, the way in which humans understood and organized time shifted. In the industrial workplace, time became a unit of measuring work performance; a worker’s productivity could be measured by judging their output versus the amount of time spent working.

Bundy Manufacturing — 1905
-Courtesy of IBM archives

A machine that could accurately record a worker’s  time would have been especially useful. In 1888, a jeweler named Willard Bundy patented such a device.

His brother Harlow E. Bundy, an attorney and entrepreneur saw a market for the device, and the Bundy Manufacturing Company was born Sept. 30, 1889.

The time recording clocks were very successful. One of Bundy’s biggest clients was the U.S. Postal Service.The company was reorganized as International Time Recording Company in 1900-1, and moved from Binghamton to Endicott a few years later. After two more mergers and reorganizations, the company became International Business Machines (IBM).

Harlow and his family lived at 129 Main St. in Binghamton’s West Side neighborhood during a very exciting time for his business. The year the family moved into the house is the same year the Bundy time recorders were exhibited at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

The Queen-Anne styled house, built in 1892,  still stands today unlike Harlow’s other homes in the Greater Binghamton area. Come and see for yourself how Harlow E. Bundy lived back in the 1890’s.

ITR Endicott Factory — 1905 — courtesy of IBM archives

The company was reorganized as International Time Recording Company in 1900-1, and moved from Binghamton to Endicott a few years later. After two more mergers and reorganizations, the company became International Business Machines (IBM).
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